With a population of over 155, 000, Livorno is the second most populated Tuscan town and boasts an important port and interesting buildings. Furthermore, the most delicious seafood cooking on the Tyrrhenian coast and the most beautiful beaches can be found here. Don´t forget the district called Little Venice for a pleasant stroll. Livorno´s existence was first recorded at the beginning of the 11th century. Pisa, Genoa and then Florence in the 15th century conquered one by one. Until the mid-16th century it was a tiny port but its appearance completely changed when Cosimo I de’Medici decided to protect the town with walls. The city recovered its freedom in the 1600s and witnessed huge growth. By the end of the century it had become a lively port-town where the British and Dutch traders had thriving business between Western Europe and the Middle East. A new period of prosperity came in the 1800s with a positive impact on culture and the economy. As the Fascist power had an important naval base in Livorno, bombs destroyed it almost entirely. After the war, Livorno underwent extensive reconstruction although, according to many much of its former beauty has not been recovered.